Brief History of Tunisia

Brief History of Tunisia

Tunisia is a country in North Africa, situated on the Mediterranean Sea. The region now known as Tunisia was once inhabited by Berber tribes, who were later conquered by Phoenician settlers in the 12th century BCE. The Phoenicians founded the city of Carthage, which became a powerful trading center and a dominant force in the Mediterranean.

In 146 BCE, Rome conquered Carthage, and Tunisia became a part of the Roman Empire. Over time, the region became a center for early Christianity, and in the 7th century CE, Arab Muslim armies conquered the area and introduced Islam. In the centuries that followed, Tunisia was ruled by various Arab and Berber dynasties, including the Fatimids, the Zirids, and the Hafsids.

In 1574, Tunisia came under Ottoman rule, and the country was part of the Ottoman Empire until the 19th century. During this time, Tunisia experienced significant economic and cultural growth, but it was also subjected to frequent conflicts and invasions from European powers.

In the late 19th century, France established a protectorate over Tunisia, and the country became a French colony in 1881. The French introduced modern infrastructure and implemented economic reforms, but they also exploited Tunisia’s resources and suppressed the country’s independence movement.

In the mid-20th century, Tunisians began to demand independence, and in 1956, Tunisia gained its independence from France. The country’s first president, Habib Bourguiba, implemented significant social, political, and economic reforms, including the adoption of a new constitution and the establishment of women’s rights.

In 2010, Tunisia experienced a popular revolution that overthrew President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, who had ruled the country for over two decades. The revolution sparked a wave of protests and uprisings throughout the Arab world, known as the Arab Spring.

Since the revolution, Tunisia has struggled with political instability and economic challenges, including high unemployment and inflation. However, the country has also made progress in promoting democracy and human rights, and Tunisia remains a key player in the region.

About Tunisia

Country Code: +216.

Crime: Tunisia is generally considered a safe country, but like any country, there is still a level of crime that occurs. The most common types of crime in Tunisia are theft and pickpocketing, especially in tourist areas. There have also been some reports of violent crimes, such as muggings and armed robberies, although these are relatively rare.

In recent years, Tunisia has faced a number of security challenges, particularly related to terrorism. In 2015, there was a major terrorist attack in the beach resort town of Sousse, which killed 38 tourists. This attack, along with others that occurred around the same time, prompted the Tunisian government to increase security measures, and there have been no major terrorist incidents since then.

The Tunisian government has taken steps to address crime and improve security in the country. For example, it has increased police presence in tourist areas and implemented security measures at airports and other transportation hubs. It has also worked with international partners, such as the United States and European Union, to improve border security and counterterrorism efforts

Currency: Tunisian Dinar.

Electricity: Type C (European plug, 2-pin round), Type E (2-pin round with earth pin).

Language: the official language is Arabic.

Latitude and Longitude: 33.8869° N, 9.5375 ° E.

LGBT: In Tunisia, homosexuality is technically illegal and punishable by imprisonment for up to three years, according to Article 230 of the Tunisian Penal Code. This law applies to both men and women.

Additionally, there are no anti-discrimination laws in place to protect individuals based on their sexual orientation or gender identity. In 2015, the Ministry of Human Rights announced that it would no longer subject individuals to anal testing, which had been used to determine if someone had engaged in homosexual activity.

In 2017, the Tunisian government allowed the organization Shams to officially register as an LGBT rights group, making it the first of its kind in the Arab world.

Population: 12.26 million (2021).

President: Kais Saied.


Here are the addresses of some of the biggest embassies in Tunisia.

United States Embassy, Les Berges du Lac, 1053 Tunis, Tunisia.

French Embassy, 2 Place de l’Indépendance, BP 493, Tunis 1000, Tunisia.

German Embassy, 2 Rue Ibn Hani, Mutuelleville, 1002 Tunis, Tunisia.

Italian Embassy, Rue Asdrubal, Les Berges du Lac, 1053 Tunis, Tunisia.

Russian Embassy, 10 Avenue de l’Environnement, El Menzah 1, 1004 Tunis, Tunisia.

British Embassy, Rue du Lac Windermere, Les Berges du Lac, 1053 Tunis, Tunisia.


Tunis Youth Hostel

Located in the heart of Tunis, this hostel offers budget-friendly accommodation and a great atmosphere. It’s a great choice for travelers who are looking to meet new people and explore the city.

Hostel Majic

This hostel is located in the city of Sousse, and it’s known for its friendly staff, clean rooms, and convenient location. It’s a great option for backpackers and budget travelers.

Dar el Medina

This hostel is located in the heart of the Medina of Tunis, and it’s a great choice for travelers who want to experience the authentic Tunisian culture. The hostel offers traditional decor, comfortable beds, and a rooftop terrace with a beautiful view.

La Maison de Sophie

This hostel is located in the seaside town of Monastir, and it’s a great option for travelers who want to relax and enjoy the beach. The hostel offers comfortable rooms, a beautiful garden, and a swimming pool.

El Jem Hostel

This hostel is located in the city of El Jem, and it’s a great option for travelers who want to visit the famous Roman Amphitheater. The hostel offers clean and comfortable rooms, a friendly staff, and a convenient location.


Tunisia is a beautiful country that offers many great options for accommodations.

Dar Hi

This boutique hotel is located in the charming village of Nefta in the south of Tunisia, near the Sahara desert. It offers stylish accommodations with traditional Tunisian design, as well as a rooftop terrace with stunning views of the surrounding landscape.

El Mouradi Palace

This beachfront hotel is located in the resort town of Port El Kantaoui and features an outdoor pool, several restaurants and bars, and a spa. Guests can also enjoy activities such as golfing, horseback riding, and water sports.

Hasdrubal Thalassa & Spa

This luxurious hotel is located in the seaside town of Djerba and features a private beach, a spa, and several restaurants. Guests can also take advantage of the hotel’s indoor and outdoor pools, fitness center, and tennis courts.

La Badira

This luxurious hotel is located in the seaside town of Hammamet and features beautiful modern design, a spa, and a private beach. Guests can enjoy the infinity pool, fine dining, and a relaxing atmosphere.

The Residence Tunis

This elegant hotel is located in Gammarth, just outside the capital city of Tunis. It offers a beautiful private beach, a golf course, a spa, and several dining options. Guests can also take advantage of the hotel’s tennis courts and fitness center.

National Parks

Tunisia has a number of national parks that showcase the country’s natural beauty and biodiversity.

Bouhedma National Park

Situated in the center of the country, Bouhedma National Park covers an area of 250 square kilometers and is home to a variety of plant and animal species, including the Barbary macaque. The park is also known for its limestone plateaus and gorges.

Boukornine National Park

Situated in the northeast of Tunisia, Boukornine National Park covers an area of 65 square kilometers and is known for its diverse range of plant and animal species. The park is dominated by the Boukornine mountain, which rises to a height of 576 meters.

Ichkeul National Park

Located in the north of the country, Ichkeul National Park is a wetland that is home to a wide range of plant and animal species, including the endangered bird species, the Northern bald ibis. The park is also an important stopover for migratory birds on their way to Europe and Asia.

Jebil National Park

Located in the south of Tunisia, Jebil National Park is a desert park that covers an area of 6,150 square kilometers. The park is home to a variety of desert animals, including gazelles, desert foxes, and hyenas.

Tazarka National Park

Located in the northwest of Tunisia, Tazarka National Park covers an area of 16 square kilometers and is home to a number of endangered plant and animal species. The park is known for its spectacular views of the Mediterranean Sea.

Top Tourist Attractions

Tunisia is a North African country known for its beautiful Mediterranean coastline, ancient ruins, and vibrant culture.

Bardo Museum

This museum is home to one of the world’s largest collections of Roman mosaics, as well as artifacts from Tunisia’s Islamic and pre-Islamic periods.


This ancient city was once a major power in the Mediterranean and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can explore the ruins of the city, including the Roman amphitheater and the Carthage Museum.

Djerba Island

This island off the coast of Tunisia is known for its sandy beaches and charming villages. Visitors can explore the traditional souks, visit the El Ghriba Synagogue, and enjoy the island’s laid-back vibe.


This ancient Roman city is one of the best-preserved in North Africa. Visitors can see the well-preserved theater, temples, and public baths.

El Djem Amphitheater

This Roman amphitheater is one of the largest in the world and is well-preserved. Visitors can explore the underground chambers where gladiators and wild animals were kept before battles.


This ancient city is one of the most important Islamic centers in North Africa. Visitors can explore the Great Mosque of Kairouan, the medina, and the many other historic monuments in the city.

Medina of Tunis

This historic district of Tunis is a labyrinth of winding streets, colorful shops, and traditional architecture. Visitors can explore the souks (markets), mosques, and palaces of the Medina.

Sidi Bou Said

This picturesque village near Tunis is known for its whitewashed buildings and blue doors and shutters. Visitors can wander through the narrow streets and enjoy views of the Mediterranean Sea.


Tunisia is a North African country that welcomes tourists from all over the world. Depending on your nationality, you may need a visa to enter Tunisia.

Citizens of some countries can enter Tunisia without a visa. Citizens of the European Union, the United States, Canada, and Australia can enter Tunisia without a visa for stays of up to 90 days.

Other nationalities, such as those from countries in Africa and the Middle East, may need to apply for a visa in advance.

You can apply for a visa at the Tunisian embassy or consulate in your home country. The visa application process usually requires filling out an application form, providing supporting documents, and paying a fee.

It’s important to note that visa requirements can change, so it’s best to check with the Tunisian embassy or consulate in your home country for the latest information.


Tunisia is located in North Africa and has a Mediterranean climate, which is characterized by hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. The country also experiences seasonal variations in temperature and rainfall.

During the summer months of June to September, temperatures can range from around 25°C to 35°C (77°F to 95°F), with some areas of the country experiencing even higher temperatures. These months are also generally dry, with little rainfall.

In the winter months of December to February, temperatures can range from around 10°C to 20°C (50°F to 68°F), with cooler temperatures in the mountainous regions. Rainfall is more common during this time, with some areas of the country experiencing heavy rains and occasional thunderstorms.

Spring (March to May) and autumn (October to November) are transitional periods, with mild temperatures and moderate rainfall.

Overall, Tunisia has a pleasant climate, particularly in the spring and autumn months, making it a popular tourist destination. However, visitors should take precautions to avoid heat stroke and sunburn during the hot summer months, and be prepared for occasional rainfall during the winter.