Brief History of Luxembourg

Luxembourg’s history is deeply interwoven with the tapestry of European events, shaped largely by its strategic location. Originally inhabited by the Celtic Treveri tribe, the region fell under Roman dominion following Julius Caesar’s conquests around 58 BC. This Romanized era persisted until the region’s integration into the Frankish Empire.

The real genesis of Luxembourg as a distinct entity began in 963 when Count Siegfried took possession of a rocky promontory named Lucilinburhuc, laying the foundation for modern Luxembourg. Over subsequent centuries, the influential House of Luxembourg produced several Holy Roman Emperors.

Yet, the ensuing years saw the Grand Duchy volleyed between European powers: Burgundians, Spanish, and Austrians all ruled in turn. Revolutionary France annexed it in the late 18th century, but post-Napoleon, the Congress of Vienna in 1815 granted it Grand Duchy status under the personal union with the Netherlands.

The 1830 Belgian Revolution dramatically redrew Luxembourg’s borders, with the 1839 Treaty of London affirming its neutrality and ceding its western territory to Belgium.

The 20th century brought unprecedented challenges as Luxembourg’s neutrality was breached in both World Wars. However, post-WWII, it emerged as a pivotal player on the European stage, founding key institutions like the European Coal and Steel Community and later the European Union.

In recent decades, the Grand Duchy has cemented its reputation as a significant banking and financial epicenter, its success underpinned by a combination of political stability and an adaptive, open economy.

About Luxembourg

Country Code: +352.

Crime: Luxembourg, one of the smallest countries in Europe, has traditionally been considered a safe country with relatively low crime rates, especially when compared to many of its European neighbors. However, as with any country, some types of crime are more prevalent than others. Here’s a brief overview:

As is typical in many tourist-heavy areas across the world, Luxembourg sees some incidents of pickpocketing, especially in crowded places or tourist hotspots. Travelers are often advised to watch their belongings in such areas.

There have been reported cases of burglaries in residential areas. These tend to be more opportunistic in nature, with burglars targeting homes that appear to be empty or are easily accessible.

With Luxembourg being a major banking and financial hub, it has had its share of financial crimes. As digital technologies have proliferated, so too have cybercrimes, such as phishing attacks or online scams.

Violent crimes are relatively rare in Luxembourg. However, like any place, isolated incidents can occur. It’s worth noting that the rates of violent crimes are lower than in many other Western European countries.

Luxembourg, like many European countries, faces challenges related to drug trafficking and use. The country has been progressively revising its drug policies, seeking a balance between enforcement and public health perspectives.

While not a “crime” in the traditional sense, road accidents can be a concern. Drunk driving, speeding, and other traffic violations sometimes pose risks to both drivers and pedestrians.

Currency: EU Euro.

Electricity: Type C (2-pin round), Type F (2-pin round with earth clips).

Language: There are three official languages, French, German, and Luxemburgish (national language).

Latitude and Longitude: 49.8153° N, 6.1296° E.

Population: 640,064 (2021).

Prime Minister: Xavier Bettel.

National Parks

Luxembourg is renowned for its lush landscapes and scenic beauty, but it’s essential to note that, unlike countries like the U.S., it doesn’t have “national parks” in the traditional sense. Instead, Luxembourg boasts “nature parks.” These nature parks are areas of conservation, local development, and tourism.

Nature Park of the Upper Sûre (Naturpark Éislek or Naturpark Obersauer): It is located in the northwest of Luxembourg. This park encompasses the Upper Sûre Lake, a reservoir that supplies much of the country’s potable water.

It’s an area of great ecological importance with a focus on sustainable tourism and water protection. The landscape is characterized by plateaus, winding valleys, dense forests, and the lake itself, providing numerous recreational activities.

Nature Park of Our (Naturpark Our): The park is situated in the northern region of the country along the border with Belgium. It was established to protect the region’s natural, cultural, and scenic values, emphasizing sustainable development and local identity.

The park is rich in biodiversity, the park also promotes regional products, tourism, and renewable energy projects.

Nature Park of the Attert Valley (Naturpark Atert-Wark): Found in the western part of Luxembourg. It was established to protect the natural environment while promoting sustainable regional development.

The park focuses on several initiatives, from conserving local architecture to promoting organic farming.

Top Tourist Attractions

Luxembourg, a small European gem, enchants visitors with its blend of picturesque landscapes and rich history.

The capital, Luxembourg City, stands out not only as a modern financial hub but also for its deep-rooted history. Its old town, cradled by ancient fortifications, has earned a coveted spot on the UNESCO World Heritage list. One cannot visit the capital without being drawn to the Grund quarter, where timeless lanes meander beside the tranquil Alzette river, encapsulating the essence of European charm.

Delving deeper into the city’s historical narrative, the Bock Casemates, an extensive underground tunnel network, offers a peek into its storied defensive past.

Just a stone’s throw from the capital, the imposing Vianden Castle rises majestically over the town of Vianden. This architectural masterpiece serves as a reminder of the country’s feudal history, with its location offering unparalleled views of the winding Our River.

For nature enthusiasts, the Mullerthal region, affectionately termed “Luxembourg’s Little Switzerland”, awaits exploration. Here, verdant forests and undulating terrains punctuated by fascinating rock formations provide the perfect backdrop for memorable hikes.

In contrast, the Moselle Valley paints a different picture, one of terraced vineyards and enchanting villages, capturing the essence of Luxembourg’s revered wine culture. This region is renowned for producing the nation’s signature white wines, inviting oenophiles for a delightful tasting journey.

Moreover, the natural sanctuaries of the Upper Sûre, Our, and Attert Valley offer respite from the hustle and bustle, immersing visitors in scenic landscapes and a plethora of eco-tourism activities.

All in all, Luxembourg promises a diverse and enriching experience, seamlessly weaving history, nature, and culture into a captivating travel tapestry.


Luxembourg experiences a temperate maritime climate, influenced by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. This results in mild conditions throughout much of the year, with relatively moderate seasonal variations, though its weather can sometimes be unpredictable.

Winter (December to February): Luxembourg’s winters are generally cool and can be quite cloudy and humid. Snow is possible, especially in the northern parts, but heavy snowfall is infrequent. Temperatures usually range between -1°C and 6°C, but occasional cold snaps can push temperatures lower.

Spring (March to May): Springtime witnesses a gradual warming of temperatures, with an accompanying increase in daylight hours. It’s during this season that the country’s landscapes come alive with blooming flowers and lush greenery. While March can still retain some of the winter’s chill, by May, temperatures often hover between 8°C and 18°C.

Summer (June to August): Summers in Luxembourg are generally mild and pleasant, though occasional heatwaves can elevate temperatures significantly. Average temperatures during this season range between 15°C and 25°C, but they can occasionally reach 30°C or more during hotter periods. Rainfall is distributed fairly evenly across these months, and summer thunderstorms are not uncommon.

Autumn (September to November): As summer transitions into autumn, the temperatures gradually cool, and the country’s forests exhibit vibrant fall colors, especially in the hilly regions. Rainfall can increase during this period, and by late November, the chill of the approaching winter becomes evident. Temperatures during this season typically range from 4°C to 15°C.

In terms of precipitation, Luxembourg doesn’t have a distinct rainy season. Rainfall is fairly well-distributed throughout the year, though late spring and early summer might experience slightly more rainy days.

It’s always a good idea to keep an umbrella or raincoat handy when visiting, given the weather’s changeable nature.