Brief History of Kenya

Kenya is a country in East Africa with a rich and complex history. Starting with the Pre-Colonial Era, Kenya has a long and diverse record, with evidence of ancestral Homo habilis dating back over 2 million years. By the 1st millennium AD, various Bantu-speaking communities had settled in different regions of present-day Kenya, including the Kikuyu, Luo, Kalenjin, and Maasai. Arab traders began visiting the coast of Kenya in the 8th century, and the Swahili culture and language emerged as a result of interactions between local Bantu groups and Arab traders. 

Inn the late 19th century, European powers began to establish colonies in Africa, with Kenya becoming a British protectorate in 1895. This would be known as the Colonial Era. The British exploited Kenya’s natural resources and forced many Kenyans to work on plantations, mines, and railways. Kenyan nationalists began to resist British rule in the 1920s, but it wasn’t until after World War II that the independence movement gained momentum. 

During the Independence and Post-Independence Era, Kenya gained independence on December 12, 1963, with Jomo Kenyatta as its first president. However, political turmoil, ethnic tensions, and economic challenges plagued the country in the decades that followed. Kenyatta died in 1978, and Daniel arap Moi became president, ruling until 2002. Under Moi’s regime, Kenya experienced a period of authoritarian rule and repression of political opposition.

In 2002, Mwai Kibaki was elected president, marking a transition to multi-party democracy. However, his presidency was marred by accusations of corruption and political violence in the 2007-08 election cycle. Uhuru Kenyatta, the son of Jomo Kenyatta, was elected president in 2013 and re-elected in 2017. In recent years, Kenya has faced challenges such as terrorism, corruption, and the impact of climate change.

About Kenya

Language: Swahili and English are the two official languages of Kenya. The languages of Kikuyu, Dholuo, and Kamba are also commonly spoken. There are a total of 68 languages spoken in Kenya.

Latitude and Longitude: 0.0236° S, 37.9062° E.

LGBT: Kenya, like many African nations, faces challenges when it comes to LGBT acceptance and representation. The legal situation faced by LGBT individuals in Kenya may be challenging, with homosexuality still criminalized and punishable by law. Visitors to the country are encouraged to respect cultural and legal differences while enjoying the wide range of experiences Kenya has to offer.

Section 162 of the Kenyan Penal Code criminalizes sodomy, punishable by 14 years in prison. Section 165 of the Kenyan Penal Code criminalizes any sexual contact between males (called “gross indecency”), punishable by 5 years in prison. Female same-sex relationships are not illegal technically but they are discriminated against. Additionally, Section 163 of the Kenyan Penal Code makes it illegal to attempt any act under Section 162. It is punishable by 7 years in prison. Kenyan society is extremely conservative.

Population: 53.01 million (2021).

President: William Samoei Ruto.


Kenya’s healthcare system has experienced significant growth and development in recent years. With an increase in public and private hospitals throughout the country, citizens have increased access to essential healthcare services. 

These facilities offer both general and specialized care, catering to the diverse health needs of the Kenyan population. A focus on improved infrastructure and the implementation of modern, advanced medical technologies have contributed to the overall enhancement of hospital services in Kenya. 

It is important to remember that Kenya is a country with a large wealth gap. Hospitals in the rural areas like Asa and Garissa should be avoided. The hospitals I have listed are the best in the country. Aga Khan is an international teaching hospital in Nairobi and Mombasa.

The Aga Khan University Hospital, 3rd Parklands Avenue, Limuru Road,Nairobi, Kenya, +254 (0) 20366 2000, 20374 0000.

MP Shah Hospital, Shivaji Road, Nairobi, Kenya, +254 20 4291 100.

Aga Khan Hospital, Vanga Road, Off Nyerere Avenue, Mombasa, Kenya, +254 722 205 110 / +254 723 922 238.


Kenya, a country renowned for its diverse landscapes and wildlife, has seen a steady increase in local and international tourists over the years. With this influx of tourists, the demand for affordable and comfortable hostels has grown exponentially.

Hostels in Kenya now cater to a wide range of travelers, offering various amenities and accommodations to suit different preferences and budgets. This development in Kenya’s hospitality industry allows more people to explore and experience the unique beauty and rich culture of this African gem.

The hostel I used to stay in Nairobi had gone down hill the last time I was there, so I won’t recommend it.

Diani Beach:

Diani Backpackers,


Distant Relatives Ecolodge and Backpackers,


Tuliahouse Backpackers,


Kenya, a beautiful and diverse country, offers a wide range of accommodations for travelers. From luxurious beach resorts to intimate boutique hotels, there is something for everyone who visits this breathtakingly scenic land.

The hospitality industry in Kenya has developed significantly in recent years, providing world-class amenities and service to cater to guests’ varying needs. With such a vast array of options, it’s easy to find the perfect home away from home while discovering the wonders that the country has to offer.

Most people will only spend a couple days in Nairobi, even though there is actually a lot to see around the city. These hotels are usually waypoints for safari lodges and safaris.  


Boulevard Hotel, Harry Thuku Rd, Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya $

Crowne Plaza Nairobi Airport, Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, First Freight Lane, Nairobi, Kenya $$

Giraffe Manor Hotel Nairobi, Gogo Falls Road, Nairobi, Kenya$$$$$$

Hemingways Nairobi, Karen Mbagathi Ridge, 100 Mbagathi Ridge, Nairobi, Kenya$$$$$

Holiday Inn Nairobi Two Rivers Mall, Two Rivers, Off Limuru Rd, Nairobi, Kenya$$

Maa Hotel and Suites, Jabavu Road, Nairobi, Kenya $$ Nairobi Serena, Processional Way, Nairobi City, Kenya $$$

Radisson Blu Hotel at Nairobi Arboretum, Arboretum area, Kenya $$$

Somerset Westview Nairobi, LR. No. 1/1376, Nyangumi Road, off Lenana Rd, Kenya $$

Villa Rose Kempinski, Chiromo Rd, Nairobi, Kenya $$$

National Parks

Aberdare National Park

Aberdare National Park, located in the heart of Kenya, offers a captivating blend of diverse wildlife, stunning landscapes, and a range of exciting activities for visitors to enjoy. Established in 1950, the park covers an expansive area of 766 square kilometers, boasting an array of habitats including montane rainforests, bamboo forests, and moorlands.

Apart from its breathtaking sceneries, Aberdare National Park is home to numerous rare and endangered animal species, such as the black rhino, African wild dog, and the visually striking bongo antelope. With ample opportunities for adventure, relaxation, and wildlife encounters, a visit to Aberdare National Park is a must for nature enthusiasts and curious explorers alike.

Amboseli National Park

Amboseli National Park, located in southern Kenya, offers a breathtaking landscape featuring diverse ecosystems and a thriving wildlife population. The park, nestled at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro, provides visitors the chance to witness the iconic African elephants roaming through the vast savannahs, as well as other unique wildlife experiences.

Additionally, Amboseli provides ample opportunities for ecotourism, as it works tirelessly to promote conservation efforts and engage local communities in sustainable development. Overall, a visit to Amboseli National Park stands out as an unforgettable adventure that appeals to nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts alike.

Hells Gate National Park

Hells Gate National Park, located in Kenya, offers a remarkable assortment of unique landscapes and wildlife experiences for visitors. Known for its volcanic geological features and abundance of bird species, the park has become a popular destination for adventure seekers and nature lovers alike.

The scenic beauty that encompasses Hells Gate National Park, from its towering cliffs to the vast stretches of savannah, creates the perfect backdrop for an unforgettable visit.  Additionally, the park’s location provides easy accessibility from both Nairobi and Naivasha, making it a must-see destination when exploring the region.

Lake Nakuru National Park

Lake Nakuru National Park, located in Kenya, is a truly remarkable destination that offers an array of natural wonders and wildlife spectacles. As one of the most popular parks in Africa, it serves as a haven for numerous species and an important conservation area.

Visitors to the park are treated to breathtaking scenery, including the famous flamingo-covered lake and the picturesque surrounding landscapes. Moreover, Lake Nakuru National Park provides a unique ecological niche, preserving the delicate balance between its thriving flora and fauna, while promoting sustainable tourism practices.

Maasai Mara National Reserve

The Maasai Mara, a vast and diverse natural wonderland, offers an unparalleled experience for tourists and wildlife enthusiasts alike. This renowned game reserve in Kenya teems with a diverse array of flora and fauna, boasting an ecosystem that thrives in harmony.

Nestled among the rolling grasslands, the Mara is home to the magnificent “Big Five” – the African elephant, rhino, lion, leopard, and Cape buffalo. Moreover, the astounding annual Great Migration of millions of wildebeest and zebras across the plains exhilarates spectators and reinforces the majesty of the natural world.

Mount Kenya National Park

Mount Kenya National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, offers a truly breathtaking experience for both adventurers and nature enthusiasts alike. Covering an area of 715 square kilometers, the park boasts a unique and diverse ecosystem teeming with wildlife, flora, and fauna.

Visitors to Mount Kenya National Park can explore its high-altitude moorlands, dense forests, and pristine glaciers while also having the opportunity to spot endangered species. With its blend of thrilling outdoor activities and remarkable natural beauty, Mount Kenya National Park is undoubtedly a must-visit destination for those seeking an unforgettable African adventure.

Nairobi National Park

Nairobi National Park, a remarkable haven for wildlife within Kenya’s bustling capital city, demonstrates the harmonious coexistence of urban development and natural habitats. Established in 1946, the park spans over 29,000 acres, offering a sanctuary for various animal species in close proximity to the urban landscape.

Visitors are often delighted by the unique opportunity to observe wild animals such as lions, giraffes, and rhinos in their natural environment with the city skyline in the background.  The park’s dedication to conservation and education has played a significant role in raising awareness surrounding the importance of preserving such ecosystems for future generations.

Samburu National Reserve

Samburu National Reserve, located in the heart of Kenya, has long captivated visitors with its stunning landscapes and diverse wildlife. As a protected area, the reserve plays a crucial role in the conservation of the region’s unique flora and fauna.

Visitors to Samburu National Reserve have the opportunity to experience unforgettable wildlife encounters, including sightings of the “Samburu Special Five” – the Gerenuk, Somali Ostrich, Reticulated Giraffe, Grevy’s Zebra, and Beisa Oryx. The reserve’s striking landscapes, rich biodiversity, and cultural experiences make it an unmissable destination for travelers seeking an authentic African adventure.

Shimba Hills National Park

Shimba Hills National Park, recognized for its diverse and picturesque landscapes, offers visitors an unforgettable experience. Covering an expansive area, this park not only boasts a remarkable range of wildlife, but also provides opportunities for thrilling activities such as hiking and birdwatching.

The park’s unique mix of coastal rainforest, savannah and escarpment, creates a perfect habitat for both flora and fauna to thrive. Home to some of the world’s most endangered species, Shimba Hills National Park is undoubtedly a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike.

Tsavo East/West National Park

Tsavo National Park, encompassing a vast area in southeastern Kenya, offers a stunning landscape teeming with diverse wildlife. This sprawling reserve, divided into Tsavo East and Tsavo West, boasts a rich history that dates back to the late 19th century.

The park is home to several iconic species such as the famous Tsavo lions, large elephant herds, and diverse bird populations. Visitors to Tsavo National Park have the opportunity to experience unforgettable safari adventures while contributing to the conservation of its unique ecosystem.

Top Tourist Attractions

Diani Beach

Diani Beach, a picturesque coastal destination, offers visitors an unparalleled experience of sun, sand, and sea. Known for its pristine white sands and lush palm tree-lined shores, this tropical paradise has become a popular holiday spot for tourists and locals alike.

Its crystal-clear turquoise waters provide a haven for divers, snorkelers, and water sport enthusiasts seeking adventure and relaxation. As one strolls leisurely along the beach, the charming blend of luxury resorts, local artisans, and vibrant African culture create an unforgettable sensory experience.

Fort Jesus

Fort Jesus, a UNESCO World Heritage site, stands as a symbol of historical and cultural significance, reflecting the rich maritime past and the diverse cultures that shaped the region. Built by the Portuguese in the 16th century, this bastion played a pivotal role in protecting their trade routes along the East African coast.

The imposing structure is an architectural masterpiece, boasting a unique blend of Portuguese military design and local craftsmanship.

Giraffe Park

The park, officially known as the Nairobi Giraffe Center, strives to protect and conserve the endangered Rothschild’s giraffe population. This extraordinary facility, located just a short distance from the city’s bustling center, offers visitors the unique opportunity to get up close with its tall residents, fostering a deeper understanding of the importance of wildlife conservation.

Through its educational programs and interactive exhibits, the Giraffe Centre continues to raise awareness among local and international communities, highlighting the critical need for harmonious coexistence in our increasingly globalized world.

Lake Naivasha

Lake Naivasha is not only a gem in the heart of Kenya’s Great Rift Valley, but also a vital resource that supports a diverse ecosystem and serves as a lifeline for local communities. The lake’s unique combination of freshwater, papyrus wetlands, and acacia woodlands attracts a rich array of bird and wildlife species, making it a prime destination for ecotourism.

In addition, Lake Naivasha supports local livelihoods through horticulture, fishing, and livestock herding. However, rapid population growth and increasing development in the area pose significant challenges to the future of this remarkable lake, highlighting the need for sustainable management and conservation efforts.

Lamu Island

Lamu Island, a hidden gem off the coast of Kenya, boasts a rich cultural history and pristine natural beauty. As one of the oldest settlements in East Africa, it has been a vital trading hub, facilitating the exchange of goods, ideas, and people across the Indian Ocean.

Today, the island’s narrow alleyways, elegantly carved doors, and centuries-old buildings serve as a reminder of its storied past, drawing visitors from around the world. Furthermore, Lamu Island’s unspoiled beaches and lush mangroves provide a serene backdrop for those seeking respite from the fast pace of modern life.

Malindi: Malindi, a coastal town in Kenya, boasts a rich cultural history and picturesque beaches that attract visitors from around the globe. Often referred to as the “Little Italy” of Kenya, Malindi showcases a beautiful blend of cultures, from its Swahili roots to the influence of Italian expats residing in the region.

The vibrant markets, exquisite cuisine, and laid-back atmosphere make Malindi a popular destination for both tourists and locals alike. With an array of activities and attractions, the charming town of Malindi promises a unique and unforgettable experience for all who visit.

Sheldricks Elephant Orphanage

Sheldrick’s Elephant Orphanage is a remarkable sanctuary that has garnered global attention for its incredible work in rescuing and rehabilitating orphaned elephants. Located in Nairobi, Kenya, the facility is dedicated to providing these majestic animals with a safe and nurturing environment.

Established in 1977 by Dame Daphne Sheldrick in memory of her late husband, David, the orphanage has seen great success in its mission, and has even contributed to the repopulation of elephants in the wild. Through its tireless efforts, Sheldrick’s Elephant Orphanage has not only transformed the lives of countless elephants but has also raised awareness on the importance of wildlife conservation.