Brief History of Bahrain

Bahrain has a rich and ancient history that dates back over 5,000 years. The area was inhabited by the Dilmun civilization, which was a major trading center in the ancient world. Dilmun had flourishing trade relations with Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) and the Indus Valley civilization (modern-day Pakistan).

In the 7th century, Bahrain came under Islamic rule after the arrival of Muslim armies led by the Rashidun Caliphate. The region became part of the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphates, and Islam became the dominant religion.

During the 16th century, Bahrain fell under Portuguese rule, who aimed to control the lucrative trade routes in the Persian Gulf. However, the Portuguese were expelled by the Safavid Empire of Persia in 1602, leading to Persian dominance over the region.

In the 19th century, Bahrain entered into a series of treaties with the British Empire, granting them control over its defense and foreign affairs. Bahrain became a British protectorate in 1861 and maintained a close relationship with Britain until gaining independence.

Bahrain gained independence from Britain on August 15, 1971. Following independence, Bahrain witnessed political and social reforms, and the country transformed into a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. Sheikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa became the first monarch of independent Bahrain.

Since independence, Bahrain has faced periods of political unrest and demands for greater political reforms. The country experienced a period of political turmoil during the Arab Spring in 2011 when protests erupted calling for democratic reforms. The government responded with a crackdown, and tensions between the ruling Sunni monarchy and the Shia-majority population have persisted.

Bahrain has strategically developed its economy, diversifying from its traditional dependence on pearl diving and trade. The country has transformed into a financial center, with a strong banking and financial services sector. Bahrain has also invested in tourism, industry, and infrastructure development, positioning itself as a regional hub for business and trade.

Bahrain remains a sovereign nation with a rich cultural heritage and a growing economy, and it continues to navigate its path toward political and social reforms while preserving its historical and cultural legacy.

About Bahrain

Country Code: +973.

Crime: Bahrain generally has a low crime rate compared to many other countries. The government of Bahrain places significant emphasis on maintaining security and ensuring public safety. 

Bahrain is considered relatively safe for residents and tourists alike. The country has a well-developed police force and security apparatus, which helps maintain law and order.

Like any other country, Bahrain experiences some instances of petty crimes such as pickpocketing, theft, and vehicle break-ins. These crimes often occur in crowded areas, shopping centers, and public transportation. However, the occurrence of such crimes is relatively low compared to many other places.

Bahrain has faced sporadic incidents related to terrorism. In recent years, there have been a few isolated incidents targeting security forces. The Bahraini government actively works to counter such threats and maintains strict security measures.

As technology and internet usage increase, Bahrain, like other countries, faces the challenge of cybercrime. This includes online fraud, hacking, and identity theft. The government has taken steps to combat cybercrime and has enacted legislation to address these issues.

Bahrain has experienced periods of political unrest, particularly during the Arab Spring protests in 2011. These events led to protests, demonstrations, and clashes between protesters and security forces. While the situation has largely stabilized, occasional protests and demonstrations still occur.

Currency: Dinar.

Electricity: Type G (3-pin rctangular, triangle pattern). 

Language: Arabic.

Latitude and Longitude: 26.0667° N, 50.5577° E.

Population: 1.463 million (2021).

President: Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa.

National Parks

Bahrain is a small island nation with limited land area, and as such, it does not have traditional national parks as you might find in larger countries. However, Bahrain does have a few areas that are designated as protected or conservation areas.

Here are some notable natural and conservation areas in Bahrain.

Al-Areen Wildlife Park

Located in the southern part of Bahrain, Al-Areen Wildlife Park is a sanctuary that aims to conserve and protect indigenous Arabian wildlife. It spans an area of approximately 8 square kilometers and is home to various animal species, including Arabian oryx, gazelles, and ostriches.

Visitors can take guided tours and learn about the local fauna.

Hawar Islands

The Hawar Islands, located off the western coast of Bahrain, are an archipelago of around 16 islands. They are known for their natural beauty and biodiversity, particularly as a sanctuary for migratory birds.

The islands have been designated as a protected area to preserve their unique ecosystem.

Tubli Bay

Tubli Bay is a natural lagoon located near Manama. It is an important wetland area and serves as a habitat for various bird species.

Efforts have been made to protect and restore the bay’s ecosystem, including the establishment of a nature reserve to preserve the natural habitat and promote environmental awareness.

Top Tourist Attractions

Bahrain offers a range of attractions that showcase its rich history, cultural heritage, and natural beauty. Here are ten popular tourist attractions in Bahrain.

Bahrain National Museum

Located in Manama, the capital city, the Bahrain National Museum is a must-visit. It showcases Bahrain’s history, culture, and archaeology, featuring artifacts from the ancient Dilmun civilization, traditional handicrafts, and contemporary art.

Qal’at al-Bahrain (Bahrain Fort)

This UNESCO World Heritage Site is an ancient archaeological site that dates back over 4,000 years. The fort offers a glimpse into Bahrain’s history and provides panoramic views of the surrounding area.

Al-Fateh Grand Mosque

One of the largest mosques in the world, the Al-Fateh Grand Mosque in Manama is a stunning architectural masterpiece. Non-Muslim visitors can explore the mosque’s interior and learn about Islamic culture and traditions.

Bahrain International Circuit

Motorsports enthusiasts should visit the Bahrain International Circuit, home to the Formula 1 Bahrain Grand Prix. Visitors can experience the thrill of the race track or take a guided tour to learn about the world of motorsports.

Bab Al Bahrain

Located in Manama’s old district, Bab Al Bahrain is a historical building and a symbolic gateway to the city. It offers a vibrant atmosphere with traditional markets, cafes, and shops selling local crafts and souvenirs.

Bahrain World Trade Center

This iconic landmark in Manama is known for its unique design featuring three interconnected towers with wind turbines. It houses offices, retail outlets, and a range of amenities.

Tree of Life

Located in the heart of the desert, the Tree of Life is a solitary tree that stands in an arid landscape without a known water source. It is believed to be over 400 years old and has become a popular tourist attraction.

Bahrain International Airport

If you have a layover in Bahrain or are an aviation enthusiast, you can visit Bahrain International Airport’s Falcon Gold Lounge, which offers luxury amenities and facilities for relaxation.

Riffa Fort

Situated in the town of Riffa, the Riffa Fort is a historic fortress that dates back to the 19th century. It provides a glimpse into Bahrain’s history and offers scenic views of the surrounding area.

Adhari Park

A popular family destination, Adhari Park is an amusement park in Manama. It offers various rides, including roller coasters, bumper cars, and a water park, providing entertainment for visitors of all ages.


Bahrain, a small island country located in the Persian Gulf, experiences a hot desert climate. Here are some key details about Bahrain’s weather:

Bahrain has high temperatures throughout the year, with summer being particularly hot. In summer (June to September), average daytime temperatures range from 36°C to 40°C (97°F to 104°F) and can occasionally reach above 45°C (113°F). Winters (December to February) are milder, with average temperatures ranging from 17°C to 20°C (63°F to 68°F).

Bahrain has a high level of humidity, especially during the summer months. The humidity is due to its proximity to the sea. During summer, humidity levels can range from 50% to 80%, making the weather feel more uncomfortable.

It has a limited amount of rainfall. The rainy season typically occurs from November to April, with January and February receiving the highest precipitation. However, even during the wettest months, rainfall is relatively low, averaging around 15-20 mm per month.

Bahrain is prone to occasional sand and dust storms, known as “shamal.” These storms are most common during the summer months and can reduce visibility and create dusty conditions.

Bahrain experiences relatively mild winds throughout the year. The prevailing wind direction is from the northwest, known as the “shamal wind,” which can bring cooler air during the winter months.

The waters surrounding Bahrain are warm and pleasant for swimming. The average sea temperature ranges from 20°C (68°F) in winter to around 33°C (91°F) in summer.

Like many other regions around the world, Bahrain is also experiencing the effects of climate change. Rising temperatures, increased humidity, and the potential for more extreme weather events are some of the anticipated impacts.