Brief History of Argentina

Argentina’s history is a rich tapestry of diverse cultures and events that have shaped the nation into what it is today. The indigenous peoples, such as the Guarani and the Mapuche, originally inhabited the region.

In 1516, Spanish explorer Juan Diaz de Solis arrived, and the area became part of the Spanish Empire’s colonial holdings. Fast forward to the early 19th century, and Argentina emerged as a nation seeking independence from Spain.

On July 9, 1816, the Congress of Tucuman declared independence, sparking a turbulent period of political instability and military conflicts. During the 19th century, Argentina’s economy thrived with the growth of agriculture, particularly beef and grain exports.

However, this period also witnessed a struggle between political factions, including the Unitarians and the Federalists, leading to a series of civil wars that lasted until the 1880s. In 1880, a more stable government was established, and the economy continued to boom due to immigration and foreign investment.

The early 20th century saw Argentina rise as one of the world’s wealthiest nations, attracting immigrants from Europe and further bolstering its cultural diversity. However, political tensions persisted, and military coups became recurrent.

In the 1930s, Juan Domingo Peron emerged as a charismatic leader, implementing policies favoring the working class and leading to a period known as Peronism. After World War II, Peron was ousted and later returned to power but was ultimately overthrown by a military coup in 1955.

The subsequent decades witnessed a cycle of military rule, economic fluctuations, and political violence known as the “Dirty War” in the 1970s and early 1980s. In 1983, civilian rule was restored, and efforts to heal the nation began.

Argentina faced economic challenges in the late 20th century, including hyperinflation and debt crises. However, the country managed to stabilize its economy and experience periods of growth. Despite its ups and downs, Argentina remains a prominent player in Latin America, known for its rich cultural heritage, vibrant arts, and literature.

About Argentina

Country Code: +54.

Crime: Crime in Argentina has been a persistent issue over the years, with certain regions and cities experiencing higher crime rates than others. The country faces various types of crimes, including property crime, theft, robbery, assault, and organized crime. While Argentina is generally safe for tourists and visitors, it is essential to remain vigilant, especially in urban areas where petty theft and pickpocketing can occur.

Buenos Aires, the capital city, has witnessed its share of crime, particularly in areas with high tourist traffic. Common tactics used by criminals include distraction techniques, bag snatching, and scams targeting tourists. As a result, visitors are often advised to take precautions, such as avoiding displaying valuables openly, using reputable transportation services, and being aware of their surroundings.

Organized crime, including drug trafficking, has been a concern in Argentina, with the country serving as a transit point for illegal substances between South America and Europe. Authorities have made efforts to combat drug-related crime, but the issue remains a challenge.

In recent years, there have been concerns about rising levels of violent crime in some regions. This includes cases of armed robberies, kidnappings, and homicides. Socioeconomic factors, social inequality, and challenges in the criminal justice system contribute to the crime problem in Argentina.

The Argentine government has implemented various strategies to address crime, including increased police presence in high-crime areas, community policing initiatives, and efforts to strengthen the judicial system. However, the effectiveness of these measures has been met with mixed results.

Currency: Argentine Peso.

Electricity: Type C (2-pin flat), Type I (3-pin flat, triangular pattern).

Language: Spanish.

Latitude and Longitude: 38.4161° S, 63.6167° W. 

Population: 45.81 million (2021).

President: Alberto Fernandez.


Argentina is home to some of the most impressive glaciers in the world, especially in the southern region of Patagonia. These glaciers are an essential part of the country’s natural heritage and play a crucial role in regulating the water flow in the region’s rivers and lakes. 

Perito Moreno Glacier: Located in Los Glaciares National Park, the Perito Moreno Glacier is perhaps the most famous glacier in Argentina. It is one of the few glaciers in the world that is still advancing.

This massive ice formation covers an area of about 250 square kilometers (97 square miles) and reaches a height of around 60 meters (197 feet) above the water level. What makes Perito Moreno Glacier even more extraordinary is its frequent calving, where huge chunks of ice break off and crash into the waters of Lake Argentino, creating a spectacular natural show.

Upsala Glacier: Also situated in Los Glaciares National Park, the Upsala Glacier is the largest glacier in South America in terms of area. It spans about 595 square kilometers (230 square miles) and is about 60 kilometers (37 miles) long.

Unfortunately, this glacier has been retreating in recent years due to climate change, like many other glaciers worldwide.

Spegazzini Glacier: Another remarkable glacier in Los Glaciares National Park, the Spegazzini Glacier is the tallest of all the glaciers in the park, reaching up to 135 meters (443 feet) above the water level. It is known for its towering ice walls and brilliant blue hues.

Viedma Glacier: Located in Los Glaciares National Park, the Viedma Glacier is the largest glacier in Argentina by volume. It covers an area of about 978 square kilometers (378 square miles) and descends from the Southern Patagonian Ice Field into Lake Viedma.

Perito Moreno Glacier, Santa Cruz, Argentina: It’s worth mentioning that there is another glacier with a similar name, the Perito Moreno Glacier located in Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. Though smaller and not as famous as its namesake in Los Glaciares National Park, it is still an impressive glacier worth visiting.

National Parks

Argentina is renowned for its breathtaking landscapes and diverse ecosystems, and the country is home to an impressive network of national parks that showcase its natural beauty and wildlife. These parks are protected areas that aim to preserve Argentina’s unique biodiversity, promote ecotourism, and provide opportunities for research and education.

Los Glaciares National Park: Located in the southern region of Patagonia, Los Glaciares is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is famous for its colossal glaciers, including the Perito Moreno Glacier, which is one of the few advancing glaciers in the world.

Visitors can witness the awe-inspiring calving of ice into Lake Argentino and explore the surrounding mountainous landscapes, with opportunities for hiking and ice trekking.

Iguazu National Park: Situated in the northeast, on the border with Brazil, this park is known for the awe-inspiring Iguazu Falls, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the world’s largest waterfalls. The park’s lush rainforests provide a habitat for diverse wildlife, including jaguars, toucans, and howler monkeys. 

Tierra del Fuego National Park: Located at the southern tip of Argentina, in the province of Tierra del Fuego, this park offers stunning landscapes that include mountains, forests, rivers, and peat bogs. It is an excellent place for hiking, birdwatching, and enjoying the scenic beauty of the Beagle Channel.

Nahuel Huapi National Park: Covering a vast area in the Andes of northern Patagonia, Nahuel Huapi is Argentina’s oldest national park. It encompasses numerous glacial lakes, ancient forests, and snow-capped peaks.

Bariloche, a popular tourist destination, lies within the park’s boundaries, offering opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, fishing, and skiing.

El Palmar National Park: Located in the Entre Rios Province, El Palmar is renowned for its unique yatay palm forest, which is considered a living fossil. Visitors can explore the wetlands, spot diverse bird species, and take boat trips along the Parana River.

Lihué Calel National Park: Situated in the central region of Argentina, this park is characterized by its rugged cliffs, valleys, and petroglyphs left by the indigenous people. It is an ideal place for hiking and rock climbing.

Lanin National Park: This park is named after the Lanin Volcano, an iconic stratovolcano in the Andes. It features stunning landscapes with lakes, rivers, and forests, attracting outdoor enthusiasts for activities like trekking, mountaineering, and fishing.

Top Tourist Attractions

Argentina is a vast and diverse country with a wide array of tourist attractions.

Buenos Aires: Argentina’s vibrant capital city is a cultural hub with a mix of European and Latin American influences. Explore neighborhoods like La Boca, known for its colorful buildings and tango performances, and Recoleta, home to the famous Recoleta Cemetery.

Don’t miss the iconic Obelisk, the historic Plaza de Mayo, and the bustling Avenida 9 de Julio.

Iguazu Falls: Located on the border with Brazil, Iguazu Falls is one of the world’s most spectacular waterfalls. The cascades stretch across the Iguazu River, creating a jaw-dropping natural wonder surrounded by lush rainforest.

The national park offers various viewpoints and walking trails to experience the falls from different angles.

Perito Moreno Glacier: Found within Los Glaciares National Park, the Perito Moreno Glacier is a massive ice formation that regularly calves into Lake Argentino. Visitors can witness this extraordinary sight from nearby walkways or even take boat tours to get up close to the glacier.

Patagonia: The vast region of Patagonia in southern Argentina is a paradise for nature lovers and adventure seekers. The awe-inspiring landscapes include the towering peaks of Fitz Roy and Cerro Torre, the stunning lakes of Bariloche, and the vast expanses of the Patagonian steppe.

Ushuaia: Known as the “End of the World,” Ushuaia is the southernmost city in the world and serves as a gateway to Antarctica. It offers incredible opportunities for outdoor activities, such as hiking in Tierra del Fuego National Park and cruising along the Beagle Channel.

Mendoza: Argentina’s premier wine region, Mendoza, is famous for its Malbec wines. Tour the vineyards, sample wines, and enjoy the stunning backdrop of the Andes Mountains.

Salta and the Northwest: This region is known for its colorful landscapes, colonial architecture, and rich indigenous culture. Explore the scenic Quebrada de Humahuaca, visit the charming city of Salta, and experience traditional folk music and dance.

Peninsula Valdes: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, this peninsula on the Atlantic coast is a prime spot for wildlife enthusiasts. It offers opportunities to see penguins, sea lions, elephant seals, and even orcas.

Cordoba: Argentina’s second-largest city, Cordoba, is renowned for its colonial architecture, including the impressive Jesuit Block and Estancias of Cordoba, a UNESCO site. The city is also surrounded by picturesque hills and offers a vibrant cultural scene.

El Calafate: Besides being a starting point to visit Perito Moreno Glacier, El Calafate is a charming town with a picturesque setting on the shores of Lake Argentino. It offers opportunities for boat tours, trekking, and exploring nearby natural wonders.


Argentina’s weather is diverse and varies significantly across its vast territory, primarily due to its size and varying geographical features. The country experiences four distinct seasons: summer, autumn, winter, and spring. 

Summer (December to February): Summer in Argentina is warm to hot, and temperatures can vary depending on the region. In the northern and central parts of the country, such as Buenos Aires and the Pampas, temperatures can range from 25°C to 35°C (77°F to 95°F) with occasional heatwaves.

The northern provinces, including Salta and Jujuy, can experience even higher temperatures. Patagonia, in the south, is milder, with temperatures between 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F). This is a popular time for tourism, especially in coastal areas like Mar del Plata and the beaches along the Atlantic coast.

Autumn (March to May): Autumn is generally a pleasant season in Argentina. The temperatures start to cool down gradually, and the weather becomes more mild and comfortable.

In Buenos Aires and central areas, temperatures range from 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F), while in Patagonia, they can drop to 5°C to 15°C (41°F to 59°F). Autumn is a beautiful time to visit wine regions like Mendoza and San Juan, as the vineyards display vibrant colors.

Winter (June to August): Winter in Argentina varies significantly depending on the region. In the north, temperatures are relatively mild, with average temperatures ranging from 5°C to 18°C (41°F to 64°F).

In Buenos Aires and the central regions, temperatures range from 5°C to 15°C (41°F to 59°F). Patagonia experiences cold winters, with temperatures often dropping below freezing, especially in the Andean region.

This is the best time to visit the ski resorts in the Andes, such as Bariloche and Chapelco.

Spring (September to November): Spring is a lovely time to visit Argentina when nature comes alive with blooming flowers and green landscapes. Temperatures begin to rise, and the weather becomes more pleasant.

In the north and central regions, temperatures range from 15°C to 25°C (59°F to 77°F). Patagonia starts to warm up, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 20°C (50°F to 68°F).

Spring is an ideal season for outdoor activities and exploring the national parks.