Andorra, a small country located in the Pyrenees mountains between France and Spain, is home to a variety of wildlife. The diverse habitats ranging from alpine meadows to forested valleys support a range of animal species.

Here are some notable animals found in Andorra:


Pyrenean Chamois (Isard)

These agile mountain goats are commonly found in the high altitudes of the Pyrenees. They are well adapted to steep and rocky terrains.


Marmots are large ground squirrels that live in burrows in the alpine meadows. They hibernate during the winter months.

Red Deer

Red deer are commonly found in the forested areas. They are the largest land mammals in Andorra and are known for their impressive antlers.

Wild Boar

These animals are widespread throughout the forests of Andorra. They are omnivorous and play a crucial role in the ecosystem.

European Roe Deer

Smaller than the red deer, roe deer are also found in the forested regions. They are known for their distinctive jumping gait.


Golden Eagle

This large bird of prey can be seen soaring above the mountains. They are powerful hunters and a symbol of the wild.

Bearded Vulture

Also known as the Lammergeier, this vulture feeds mainly on bones. They are important for cleaning up carcasses in the wild.

Peregrine Falcon

Renowned for its speed, the peregrine falcon is found in the rocky cliffs and mountainous regions of Andorra.

Black Woodpecker

This striking bird is found in the dense forests. It is the largest woodpecker in Europe.

Reptiles and Amphibians

Pyrenean Brook Salamander

An endemic species to the Pyrenees, this salamander is found in mountain streams and wet areas.

Common Toad

Found in a variety of habitats, the common toad is widespread throughout Andorra.

Asp Viper

This venomous snake is found in the rocky and warm areas of Andorra. They are shy and tend to avoid human contact.


Apollo Butterfly

A striking butterfly found in the alpine meadows. It is known for its distinctive white wings with black and red spots.

Mountain Grasshopper

These insects are adapted to the cooler, high-altitude environments of Andorra.

The rich biodiversity in Andorra is supported by its varied landscapes and protected areas, such as the Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley, a UNESCO World Heritage site. 

Brief History of Andorra

Andorra, a small, landlocked nation nestled in the Eastern Pyrenees mountains between France and Spain, has a history that traces back to ancient times. The origins of its name remain uncertain, with some suggesting it derives from a local Navarrese word, while others believe it’s related to the Iberian tribe known as the Andosini, mentioned by classical authors.

Legend holds that Charlemagne granted the Andorrans a charter in recognition for their assistance against the Moors, though historical documentation for this is sparse. The true beginnings of Andorra’s distinct political structure can be traced back to the medieval period when two feudal lords, the Bishop of Urgell from Spain and the Count of Foix from France, became co-princes, establishing a unique diarchy which persists to this day.

Over centuries, while the co-princes changed due to various geopolitical shifts, notably the Count of Foix’s title transitioning to the French head of state, the basic system remained intact. Despite its location between two major European powers, Andorra managed to avoid becoming embroiled in many of the major conflicts that swept across Europe.

Not until the 20th century did it modernize its medieval institutions, enacting a new constitution in 1993 that expanded individual rights and established a parliamentary system, though the co-princeship still remains as a ceremonial institution. Today, Andorra is known for its ski resorts, its status as a tax haven, and its distinct Catalan culture and language.

About Andorra

Country Code: +376.

Crime: Andorra, despite being one of the smallest countries in the world, enjoys a remarkably low crime rate.

Andorra’s location, combined with its small size and close-knit community, contributes to its low levels of crime. Violent crime is particularly rare, and residents and tourists generally feel very safe.

The principality’s legal and law enforcement systems, although small in scale, are effective in maintaining public order and deterring potential criminal activities.

However, as with any nation, Andorra is not entirely devoid of crime. Minor offenses like pickpocketing can occasionally occur, especially in tourist-heavy areas.

Additionally, due to its favorable tax structure and banking secrecy laws, Andorra has historically been attractive for money laundering, although the country has taken significant steps in recent years to combat such activities and align itself with international standards.

It’s also worth noting that the low crime rates can be partially attributed to the country’s relatively homogeneous society, lack of urban centers, and high standard of living. Moreover, the visible presence of police and the country’s efficient legal system act as further deterrents to potential criminals.

In conclusion, while Andorra experiences some of the typical petty crimes seen elsewhere, especially in areas frequented by tourists, it remains one of the safest countries in the world, with negligible rates of violent crime.

Currency: EU Euro.

Electricity: Type C (2-pin round), Type F (2-pin round with earth clips).

Language: Official language is Catalan.

Latitude and Longitude: 42.5063° N, 1.5218° E.

Population: 79,034 (2021).

Prime Minister: Xavier Espot Zamora.

National Parks

Andorra, though small in size, boasts an impressive natural landscape marked by its location in the Pyrenees mountains. This setting has given rise to several protected areas, though it’s important to note that while Andorra has various nature reserves and natural areas of interest, it doesn’t have “national parks” in the traditional sense that many other countries do.

However, the country has placed a significant emphasis on conservation, which can be seen through the establishment of its protected areas.

Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley: The most notable protected area in Andorra is the Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley, which has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site since 2004. This area covers roughly 10% of Andorra’s total land area and is highly valued for its representation of the coexistence of humans and nature in a mountain environment.

It’s home to unique flora and fauna, as well as evidence of pastoral activities from ancient times, including stone huts and terraces.

Sorteny Valley Nature Park (Parc Natural de la Vall de Sorteny): Located in the parish of Ordino, this area is recognized for its rich biodiversity. It contains over 700 species of flora and a wide variety of fauna, making it a favorite spot for botanists and nature enthusiasts.

Comapedrosa Natural Park (Parc Natural Comunal de les Valls del Comapedrosa): Found in the parish of La Massana, this park houses Comapedrosa, the highest peak in Andorra. It’s a popular destination for hikers looking to explore the mountainous terrain of the Pyrenees.

Ensagents Lake: While not a national park, it’s worth mentioning due to its popularity among visitors. It’s a serene mountain lake that offers a relatively moderate hike, making it a favorite for both locals and tourists.

Ski Resorts

Andorra has earned a reputation as a top skiing destination in Europe, particularly due to its affordability, high-quality resorts, and scenic Pyrenean landscapes.

Grandvalira: Located in the northeastern part of Andorra, Grandvalira is the largest ski domain in the Pyrenees and one of the biggest in Europe. It encompasses multiple sectors, including Soldeu, El Tarter, Pas de la Casa, Grau Roig, Canillo, and Encamp.

The resort offers a wide range of skiing levels, from beginner slopes to challenging runs for advanced skiers. It also provides various amenities such as snow parks, restaurants, ski schools, and more.


Vallnord: Vallnord is divided into two main areas: Pal-Arinsal and Ordino-Arcalis. Pal-Arinsal is ideal for families and beginners, with numerous gentle slopes and recreational areas.

Ordino-Arcalis, on the other hand, is more suited to experienced skiers and is known for its off-piste opportunities and freeriding zones.

Naturlandia: Located in Sant Julià de Lòria, this isn’t a traditional ski resort but deserves mention due to its unique offerings. Naturlandia is a multi-activity park that, in addition to cross-country skiing, offers activities such as tobogganing, snowshoeing, and the Tobotronc, the longest alpine coaster in the world.


La Rabassa: Situated near Naturlandia, La Rabassa offers excellent cross-country skiing opportunities. Its forested trails are perfect for those looking to experience the serene beauty of Andorra’s landscapes in winter.


Apart from skiing and snowboarding, these resorts often offer a myriad of other winter activities like snowmobiling, dog sledding, snowshoeing, and ice-skating.

Additionally, after a day on the slopes, visitors can often enjoy Andorra’s famous spa facilities, such as Caldea in Escaldes-Engordany, the largest thermal spa complex in Southern Europe.

Top Tourist Attractions

Andorra may be small, but it offers a diverse range of attractions for visitors. Beyond its renowned ski resorts, Andorra boasts beautiful natural landscapes, historic landmarks, and modern amenities.

Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley: A UNESCO World Heritage site, this valley represents the coexistence of humans and nature in a mountain environment. It’s a haven for hikers and nature lovers, offering pristine landscapes and traces of ancient human activities.

Caldea Spa: Located in Escaldes-Engordany, Caldea is the largest thermal spa complex in Southern Europe. It’s renowned for its futuristic architecture and offers various thermal lagoons, saunas, jacuzzis, and a range of spa treatments.

Churches of Andorra: The country is home to several picturesque Romanesque churches, some dating back to the 9th and 10th centuries. Notable ones include the Church of Sant Joan de Caselles, Santa Coloma Church, and Sant Serni de Llorts.

Casa de la Vall: Situated in Andorra la Vella, this historic house was built in 1580 and served as Andorra’s parliament house until 2011. It’s a symbol of Andorra’s rich history and political traditions.

Meritxell Sanctuary: Located in Canillo, this modern religious site is dedicated to the patron saint of Andorra, Our Lady of Meritxell. The current building, designed by renowned architect Ricard Bofill, replaced the original sanctuary after it was destroyed by fire.

Naturlandia: This multi-activity park, situated in Sant Julià de Lòria, offers a range of year-round activities, including the Tobotronc, an alpine coaster that’s among the longest in the world.

Museum Circuit: Andorra has several museums that cater to a range of interests. The National Automobile Museum, Motorcycle Museum, and the Perfume Museum are among the popular ones.

Iron Route: A testament to Andorra’s historical iron industry, this route features old mines, forges, and traditional ironworker’s houses. There are also sculptures that celebrate this facet of Andorra’s past.

Shopping in Andorra la Vella: As a duty-free haven, Andorra la Vella, the capital city, attracts many tourists looking to buy electronics, perfumes, alcohol, and tobacco at lower prices.